Backline – The line across the ice at the back of the house. Stones, which are over this line, are removed from play.
Balance – Something each curler must achieve while playing on the ice.
Biter – A stone that just touches the outer edge of the circles.
Blank End – An end in which no points have been scored.
Brush – A device used to sweep the ice in the path of a moving stone.
Burned Stone – A stone in motion touched by a member of either team, or any part of their equipment. Burned stones are removed from play.
Button – The circle at the centre of the house.
Centre Line – The line that goes the length of the sheet down its middle.
Counter – Any stone in the rings or touching the rings, which is a potential point.
Curl – The amount a rock bends while travelling down the sheet of ice.
Delivery – The action of throwing a curling stone that usually involves a curler sliding forward to propel the stone toward the target.
Draw Weight – The momentum required for a stone to reach the house or circles at the distant end.
End – A portion of a curling game that is completed when each team has thrown eight stones and the score has been decided.
Four Rock Rule – The first four stones (the two lead stones from each team) of an end cannot be removed from play if they come to rest within the Free Guard Zone.
Guard – A stone that is placed in a position so that it may protect another stone.
Gripper – Rubber material on non-sliding foot to help curler keep balance on ice. Majority of curlers will wear two grippers when sweeping. Also called an anti-slider when placed on the sliding foot.
Hacks – The footholds at each end of the ice from which the stones are delivered.
Handle – The curved part on top of the rock where the curler holds on to the stone.
Heavy – A rock delivered with a greater force then necessary.
Hit – A take-out. Removal of a stone from the playing area by hitting it with another stone.
Hog Line – A line 10 meters from the hack at each end of the ice. A player must release the stone before the leading edge of the stone reaches the near hog line. If the stone is not released it will be stopped and removed from play.
Hogged Rock – A stone that does not reach the far hog line and it must be removed from play.
House – The rings or circles toward which play is directed consisting of a 12-foot ring, 8-foot ring, 4-foot ring and a button.
In-Turn (Clockwise) – The rotation applied to the handle of a stone that causes it to rotate in a clockwise direction and curl for a right-handed curler.
Lead – The first player on a team to deliver a pair of stones for his/her team in each end.
Out-Turn (Counter Clockwise) – The rotation applied to the handle of a stone that causes it to turn and curl in a counter-clockwise direction for a right-handed curler.
Pebble – A fine spray of water applied to a sheet of curling ice which freezes before commencing play.
Raise – When one stone is bumped ahead by another stone.
Release – The point at which the hand puts the turn on the rock.
Roll – The movement of a curling stone after it has struck a stationary stone in play.
Running Edge – The small circular band on the bottom of the rock.
Second – The curler who delivers the second pair of stones for his/her team in each end.
Sheet – The playing surface where a curling game is played.
Shot Rock – At any time during the end, the stone closest to the button.
Skip – The player who determines the strategy, and directs play for the team. Generally, the skip delivers the last pair of stones for his/her team in each end.
Slider – Slippery material placed on the sole of the shoe, to make it easier to slide down the ice.
Spare – An alternate player or substitute.
Sweeping, Brushing – The action of moving a brush back and forth in the path of the moving stone.
Take Out – Removal of a stone from the playing area by hitting it with another stone.
Tee Line – The line that passes through the centre of the house parallel to the hog line and back line.
Third, Vice-Skip or Mate – The third player on a team to throw two stones in each end. Generally this player acts as the skip when the skip is delivering his/her stones and assists with strategy decision.
Weight – The amount of force given to the stone during the delivery.