Attack – A sudden attempt to get away from another rider or group
Blocking – When a rider tries to get in the way of other riders, usually done as part of a team strategy to slow down the main field when other team members are ahead in a breakaway
Bonk – Known as "hitting the wall" in marathon running, this is when a rider completely runs out of energy
Breakaway – When a rider or group of riders is attempting to ride away from the peloton/group
Bridge the Gap – When a rider or group of riders is attempting to reach a group farther ahead
Chasers – Riders who are attempting to "bridge the gap" to catch the lead group
Criterium – A multi-lap event on a course usually between 1-3 kilometers or less in length and of medium total distance between 40 km and 100 km.
Derailleur – The mechanism that moves the chain from one gear to another
Director Sportif – Pronounced "Director sporteef
" this is the manager of the team
Domestique – A rider who sacrifices any individual honors to the team leader who is in contention to win
Drafting – Riding closely behind another rider, the lead rider creates a slipstream, or air pocket. The lead rider expends up to 30 percent more energy than the following rider does
Drop – A fatigued rider losing contact with the group in which they are riding. Also refers to leaving another rider or riders behind by attacking
Echelon – A line of riders taking orderly turns at the front and staggered so that each rider will get maximum protection from the wind. Also called a "pace line". An echelon will share the workload and help maintain a higher speed
Feeding – At some point during a long road race it is necessary for riders to replace expended energy. Riders are given a "musette," a small cloth bag, containing food and water bottles. Riders grab the bag from the team support personnel, remove the contents and put them in the pockets of their jerseys to eat when most convenient. They generally prefer high-energy foods that break down quickly
Field Sprint – The final sprint to the finish line between a group of riders
Gap – The distance between individual or groups
Hammering – Very steady, strenuous pedaling. Also called "jamming"
Hanging On – Barely keeping contact at the back of the pack
Jump – A sudden acceleration, often at the start of the sprint
Kick – The final burst of speed in a sprint
Lead Out – An international and often sacrificial move where one rider begins a sprint to give a head start to another rider (usually a teammate) on his rear wheel, who then comes around at an even faster speed to take the lead
Peloton – The main group of riders, also known as the “field”, "pack," or "bunch"
Prime – Pronounced "preem." A race-within-a-race where riders sprint for prizes on a designated lap or at a certain point in a race, i.e., the "sponsor" Teamwork Challenge
Pull – To take a turn at the front and break the wind for the other riders in the pack
Soigneur – Pronounced "Swa-neur" Comparable to a trainer in other sports, this person gives massages and watches the physical health of the riders along with the team doctors
Stage Race – A series of individual races – time trials, road races, circuit races or criteriums – grouped into one event that lasts several days. The rider who has the lowest accumulated time for all stages determines the winner. The most famous stage race in the world is the Tour de France, which spans 2,500 miles in 21 or 22 days.
Individual Time Trial – An individual race against the clock, often called the "race of truth"