1x = Single sculls
2x = Double sculls
4x = Quadruple sculls
2- = Pairs
BLADE Flattened or spoon-shaped end of oar or scull; sometimes used as term for oar.
BOW 1. Forward end of boat, in terms of the direction the boat is moving in. 2. The rower in the seat nearest the bow.
BOW BALL Safety ball fitted to the bow end of racing boat.
CATCH The part of the stroke when the blade is put in the water.
COXSWAIN / COX Person who steers the boat usually from a seat in the stern.
CRAB Occurs when rower fails to get the oar out of the water at the end of the stroke, causing the oar to get caught in the water: “catching a crab”
DRIVE The part of the stroke between the catch and the finish, when the oar is in the water.
FEATHER To turn the blade parallel with the water surface at the start of the recovery to reduce wind resistance.
FINISH / RELEASE The part of the stroke when the blade is taken out of the water.
LAYBACK The amount of backward lean of the rower’s upper body towards the bow at the finish of the stroke.
LENGTH The length of a boat (“They won by one length”)
RECOVERY The part of the stroke cycle between the finish and the catch in which the blade is feathered and out of
REGATTA A competitive event raced in boats.
SCULLING Rowing when each person rows with two oars.
SLIDE 1. The parallel rails on which the boat seats move. 2. The action of the boat seat with wheels on parallel rails.
SQUARE When the blade is perpendicular to the water.
STARBOARD The right hand side of the boat when viewed from the stern.
STERN The back end of the boat in terms of the direction in which the boat is moving.
STROKE 1. The complete cycle of the oar going from the catch back to the catch. 2.The rower seated nearest to the stern of the boat.
STROKE RATE / RATE The number of strokes per minute that a crew is rowing, as in the number of times a blade goes in the
water each minute.
PORT The left-hand side of the boat when viewed from the stern.
SWEEP ROWING Rowing when each person rows with one oar.