The tools of the game have always been relatively simple. Although the peach basket and ball have been improved, they still form the basics of basketball equipment. For the 2017 Canada Summer Games, the basketball events will be using a composite leather basketball manufactured by Molten. The distinctive 12-panel, soft composite leather ball features the same design but different outer material than the genuine leather model used in FIBA international competitions. A different sized ball is used in the boys and girls competitions: a men’s size ball has a circumference of 29.5 inches and the women’s size of 28.5. These sizes are consistent with balls used in international and professional competitions.
Baseline – The outer boundary of the court at each end, behind the basket.
Blocking – The use of a defender’s body position to illegally prevent an opponent’s advance. It is the opposite of charging.
Boards – The backboard to which the basket is attached or slang for a ‘rebound’ – the act of a player grabbing the ball after a missed shot attempt.
Boxing out – The defensive player turns and faces the basket following a shot and with his or her back to the opponent, and ensures that the player being guarded can’t ‘rebound’ the ball.
Charging – An offensive foul, which occurs when an offensive player runs into a defender who has established position.
Cut – A quick movement by an offensive player without the ball to gain an advantage over the defense usually directed towards the basket.
Dead – Offensive player has the ball and has already used their dribble. They must now either pass or shot the ball.
Dead Ball – Any player with the ball that is not ‘live’. This occurs after each successful field goal, free-throw attempt, after any official’s whistle or if the ball leaves the court, then play is stopped.
Drive – The movement of an offensive player while aggressively dribbling towards the basket in an attempt to score.
Fastbreak – The act of moving the ball quickly down court by an offensive team in hopes of getting ahead of the defense to score.
Field Goal – When the ball enters the basket from above the rim during play. It is worth two points.
Inside Shooting – Shots taken by a player near or under the basket.
Key – The painted area under each basket, extending to the foul line. Offensive players must move in and out of the key to avoid a three seconds in the key violation.
Lay-up or Lay in – A shot taken after driving to the basket by leaping up under the basket and using one hand to shoot the ball off the backboard.
Loose Ball – A ball that is alive but not in the possession of either team.
Outlet Pass – The first pass made after a defensive rebound to a teammate to start a fastbreak.
Shooter’s Roll – The ability to get even an inaccurate shot to bounce lightly off the rim and into the basket.
Shooting Range – The distance from which a player is likely to make their shots.
Squaring up – When a player’s shoulders are facing the basket as they release the ball for a shot. This is considered good shooting position.
Strong Side/Weak Side – Whichever side of the key that the ball is on when on offense is called the strong side. The other side is the weak side. If the ball changes sides, the weak side is now the strong side.
Switch – Two defensive players change checks during live play.
Technical Foul – A special violation called at the discretion of the referee towards players, coaches or the team. Infractions include an intentional or flagrant contact foul, unsportsmanlike conduct or other actions detrimental to the spirit of the game.