The first bicycle race is popularly held to be a 1,200 metre race held on the 31 May 1868 at the Parc de Saint-Cloud, Paris. It was won by expatriate Englishman James Moore who rode a wooden bicycle with iron tires. In 1880, cycling took another leap forward with the development of the chain-and-gearing system. With this new development, bikes evolved into a sleeker shape.
Traditionally, competitive cycling has consisted of road and track events. The road race and track cycling were included in the first Olympic Games of modern times (1896). Women’s cycling events were only recently added to the Olympic program, road in 1984 and track in 1988.
Mountain bike racing is relatively new. It was popular during the 1990s. In 1996, cross country mountain biking events were added to the Olympic Games. Mountain bike races are off-road and usually involve a moderate degree of technical riding.