In the beginning, divers were mostly Swedish and German gymnasts who preferred practicing while landing in water, rather than on hard floors. The earliest recorded diving competition took place in 1871 off the London Bridge. At this time diving involving gymnastic movements such as somersaults and/or twists was referred to as “Fancy Diving”. For some years, separate competitions were held for plain and fancy diving.
Diving has been an Olympic event for men since 1904 and for women since 1912. The 1908 Olympics in London included a full competition in "Fancy Diving" from both platform and "elastic board". Women’s "Plain Diving" was added in the 1912 Olympics and "Spring-board" in 1920. The first concrete diving tower was built at Swimming Stadium Tourelles for the 1924 Paris Olympics.
These days, diving includes a variety of events, the 1 m and 3 m springboard and the 10 m platform. There are also synchronized events where two divers execute the same dive simultaneously, either from the 3 m springboard or the 10 m platform.