The game of golf can be traced back to Scotland. In 1457, the Scottish Parliament banned golf because they felt its citizens should be practicing the sport of archery instead – for national defense purposes. This Scottish law was repealed in 1502 and the game flourished.
A number of countries have laid their claim as the originators of golf, including the Chinese and the Dutch. However, their claims are not generally taken seriously as the forms of the games they played do not meet today’s definition. The game of golf, as defined by historians, consists of striking a ball with a club, across country into a hole. A player plays their own ball and in some circumstances, there may be a team of two playing a single ball, but there can be no defensive/offensive play.
The traditional 18-hole rounds we have today can be credited to the old course at St. Andrews.
Their original layout for the golf course consisted of 22 holes - eleven holes out and the same eleven back, but eventually they decided that two of the holes were too short. They combined two holes, which made the course 9 out and 9 back and the standard 18 holes of golf was born.
North America’s first golf club, the Royal Montreal Golf Club, was established in Montreal in 1873.
Royal Montreal was originally played along the slopes of Mont Royal and consisted of 20 holes.
By the end of the 19th century there were more than 50 clubs in Canada and the game was being actively played in France, India, South Africa, Australia and Ireland among many others. In 1895, the Royal Canadian Golf Association (RCGA) became the governing body of golf in Canada. For more than a century, the RCGA, now known as Golf Canada, has helped to shape the game of golf in Canada.